Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that affects a person's ability to understand what they see, hear and otherwise sense. It is a neurological disorder that impacts communication, social interactions and behavior. People with autism learn differently than others. They may have problems understanding what people say to them. Sometimes certain smells, sounds and taste cause the person with autism to feel bad and they may become upset.
It is important to understand that just as every person is different so is every person on the autism spectum, no two will be the same. Some of the characteristics seen in children with autism are
These are just a few characteristics of people with autism. Individuals with autism may display characteristics of the disorder that range from mild to severe.
Autism requires a team of professionals, that include pediatrician, child psychologist, speech therapist, and occupational therapist to diagnosis accurately.
Autism is contagious--While there is research showing that autism SOMETIMES runs in families, it is not contagious. Children can not catch it.
Autism only affects boys--Even though it is four times more common in males than females, autism affects both genders.
Autism is caused by aloof parents who are emotionally unresponsive--Bad or inattentive parenting does not cause autism.
Children with autism never learn to communicate and play with other children--Communication is often difficult for children with autism, and many children learn alternative ways to communicate and play. Most children with autism learn to communicate.
Children with autism do not like to be touched--Tactile sensitivity is common in children with autism. However most enjoy hugs and being close to the people around them. (The children I personally know LOVE to be hugged.)
All children with autism have genius like talents, such as playing the piano or solving mathematical equations--Children with autism are just as all other children, they learn what they love.